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Entries in Burma (12)

Monday
Feb092015

Judge rejects Fokker's ‘anemic’ $21 million sanctions penalty

A federal judge Thursday refused to approve a settlement of sanctions violations by a subsidiary of Dutch aerospace firm Fokker Technologies Holding.

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Friday
Nov162012

New Myanmar laws for foreign investment and anti-corruption

Street market in Yangon, Myanmar. (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons)As part of the reforms by President Thein Sein to open up Myanmar after decades of economic isolation, the parliament has approved a new foreign investment law.

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Monday
Sep032012

Burma's Dissidents Return From Exile

Former dissidents are returning to Burma after the government removed more than 2,000 names from a list used to refuse entry to exiled opponents of the country's former military rulers and other critics.

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Monday
Jun252012

Myanmar: Nowhere To Go But Up 

A bleak assessment: What the U.S. Commerce Department said about corruption in Myanmar in a 2012 publication.

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Friday
Jun012012

Suu Kyi's Amazing Journey

Aung San Suu Kyi traveled to Thailand this week for the World Economic Forum on East Asia. It's the first time in 24 years the ruling junta allowed her to leave Myanmar.

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Tuesday
Dec202011

Aon Pays $16.2 Million In Settlement

Aon Corporation, one of the biggest insurance brokerage firms in the world, agreed today to settled FCPA charges with the DOJ and SEC.

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Wednesday
Nov162011

POTUS Walks ASEAN's Mean Streets

President Obama meets tomorrow on Bali, Indonesia with the heads of state from ASEAN -- the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

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Monday
Nov152010

The Return Of Hope

The deal we went to Yangon to work on never happened. So we packed our bags and left. But the memory of that big white house that didn't look like a prison never left us.

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Wednesday
Oct272010

The Bribes Of War

War is not only hell, it's corrupt too. Of the bottom ten countries on Transparency International's 2010 Corruption Perception Index, six have active wars, insurrections, or major civil disturbances.

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Thursday
Oct222009

Trees Fall To Graft

In Malaysia this week, four forestry department officials, including the director, an officer and two rangers, were arrested for taking a $30,000 bribe. In exchange, they allegedly awarded illegal logging concessions. Malaysia has prized hardwoods growing in protected areas in and around its rain forests. The arrests came after an investigation by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission. According to the Malaysia Star (here), more than $100,000 in cash was seized from the house of the forestry department director, who "is said to be a millionaire." The anti-corruption team is now investigating the sources of his wealth. He and the other suspects are being held "to assist in investigations." So far this year, Malaysian authorities have made 23 arrests in 21 cases of illegal logging.

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The NGO Global Witness has investigated illegal logging in several Southeast Asian countries. For example, in late 2006, its investigators posed as buyers at flooring companies. Thirteen out of 14 lumber suppliers they talked to in China said they could obtain timber from Burma across the land border despite import restrictions. Chinese companies export timber throughout the world, including to Europe and America. Global Witness said some U.S.-based companies still advertise Burmese wood flooring on their websites even though the Lacey Act now bans commerce in illegally obtained timber and wood products.

"This is just part of a wider problem," Global Witness said. "Half of China's timber imports from all countries are probably illegal and China accounts for roughly a quarter of all illegal timber being traded internationally. . . . This has a knock-on effect for other countries. For example, the U.K. imports more illegal timber than any other EU country because it buys so much from China."

* * *
The United States has banned several Cambodian officials from entering the country because of their complicity in illegal logging. The 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act included a requirement that the U.S. Secretary of State keep a running list of foreign government officials and their family members who have been involved in corruption relating to the extraction of natural resources in their countries. The law requires the State Department to designate individuals on the list as ineligible for United States visas under Presidential Proclamation 7750 (see our post here). In June 2007, Global Witness published details about corrupt ties among Cambodian timber barons and Prime Minister Hun Sen, his wife, and other senior officials.

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According to Transparency International (here), illegal cutting represents as much as 80 percent of the total lumber production in some countries. "Estimates suggest that almost $2.5 billion worth of stolen timber is traded between East and South Asian countries each year. Around the world, annual losses from illegal logging on public lands have been estimated at over $10 billion by the World Bank."

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Back in Malaysia, the government announced this week that the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Academy will receive training assistance from Interpol. The head of the Malaysian commission said, “Corruption is no longer a local matter to contain. It has become a global issue. With globalization and the world now being borderless where every country is doing business with every other country, unchecked corruption can pose a threat to integrity in all countries, thus giving a new meaning to the term cross-border corruption." Interpol is the world's largest international police organization, with 188 member countries. Malaysia ranks 47th on the Corruption Perception Index, tied with Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Hungary, and Jordan.
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